Seven Unique Brno Metro Attractions – Brno Daily

Brno has many hidden secrets of history, including a host of fascinating architectural treasures under our feet. From the 13th century ossuary to the nuclear shelters, each underground attraction has its own history and architecture, reflecting Brno’s rich cultural heritage. Here we collect some of the most famous and interesting ones, to help you get acquainted with Brno metro. Photo: Denis bomb shelter. Credit: Michal R / ICT Brno.

  1. Underground reservoirs in Žlutý Kopec

Have you ever wondered how people meet their water needs and those of a big city without the availability of one of our modern technologies? The underground reservoirs under the grassy banks of Žlutý Kopec, built in the 19th century, are a beautiful and unique example of a brilliant water storage system developed for a mass population.

Underground reservoirs in Žlutý Kopec. Photo credit: Jan Caga / brnenske-podzemi.cz

The reservoirs served as an additional water source for the city of Brno, after water from the Svratka River. However, they ceased to operate in 1997 after being disconnected from the water supply network. These subterranean halls powerfully evoke the remnants of a long-gone civilization from another world and have even been compared to the Basilica Cistern in Istanbul.

Underground reservoirs in Žlutý Kopec. Photo credit: Jan Caga / brnenske-podzemi.cz

The underground reservoirs of Žlutý Kopec top our list as they won the top prize in the Tourist News 2020 poll on the Czech tourism website.

  1. The Labyrinth under Zelný trh

You may have visited the famous vegetable market (“Zelný trh”) in the very center of Brno, but did you know that there is an old complex of cellars below? ! Zelný trh is one of the oldest squares in Brno, with a very long history, and started life as ‘Horní trh’ (the upper market) in the 13th century. After descending 212 steps in darkness, the passages of the Labyrinth under Zelný trh lead you to unique and mysterious places, including medieval cellars.

The Labyrinth under Zelný trh. Credit: Pavel Gabzdyl / brnenske-podzemi.cz

These cellars served mainly as storage spaces for their owners and local traders as well as shelters in times of war. Sometimes, during special events, tourists are offered a Moravian wine tasting during their visits to the wine cellar. Moreover, you can also find the remains of the alchemist’s laboratory, which reminds of the doctors, pharmacists and physicists who lived in Brno and made the city famous throughout Europe.

The Labyrinth under Zelný trh. Credit: Pavel Gabzdyl / brnenske-podzemi.cz

  1. The ossuary of the Saint-Jacques church, Jakubské náměstí

The bloody and violent history of war and disease in Central Europe posed a big problem for the city of Brno: where to bury all the corpses of the great pandemics and wars of the Middle Ages? The answer lies at the ossuary in the Church of St. James, believed to date from the 13th century, the second largest ossuary in Europe after the catacombs of Paris. This site of reverence contains the remains of more than 50,000 people buried during the cholera and plague pandemics, as well as victims of several different wars. The site, under Jakubské náměstí (St. James Square), is well preserved and can give you an insight into how people were buried in medieval times.

The ossuary of the Saint-Jacques church. Credit: Michal R / ICT Brno.

  1. The Mint Master’s Cellar, Dominikánské náměstí

Are you curious about how coins were minted in medieval times? The Mint Master’s Cellar (“Mincmistrovský sklep”) and the reconstructed cellars of the New Town Hall, under Dominikánské náměstí, remind us of the almost forgotten craftsmanship of coin mining in Brno and Moravia, and at the same time remind the historical development of this urban locality, from the Middle Ages to the present day.

The cellar of the mint master. Credit: Pavel Gabzdyl / brnenske-podzemi.cz

The exhibition at the cellar complex includes an audio-visual presentation of the history and present of the city of Brno, followed by an experienced coin master demonstrating the art of coin mining.

  1. Bunker 10-Z, Spilberk Castle

Bunker 10-Z was built during World War II to provide emergency shelter for 500 people, with its own water tank, diesel unit and telephone exchange. Fortunately, it was never used for its original purpose. Until 1993, it was classified top secret by the Czech army.

Bunker 10-Z. Credit: 10-z.cz

At the entrance to the refuge, you are given a map which allows you to explore the refuge on your own. The complex also includes death cell doors from the former Cejl prison in Brno with death row messages. It is even possible to spend the night in the establishment, if you wish to live the unique experience of staying in a nuclear shelter.

Bunker 10-Z. Credit: 10-z.cz

  1. Bomb shelter Denis, Nové Sady

For another exciting trip to a nuclear shelter, you can visit ‘Denis’, a 66-year-old shelter that has been preserved as intact as possible: empty corridors, old equipment, personal effects stored here and there… every effort has been made in the name of authenticity. The shelter was dug into the massif beneath Petrov in three stages between 1946 and 1955, gradually expanding to the current system of 900 meters of corridors, dropping down to 35 meters in some areas. The complex has three entrances: a main entrance at the corner of Nádražní and Husova, as well as emergency exits leading to the Capuchin Gardens and directly into the cellars of the Capuchin Monastery. In a serious emergency, up to 3,000 people could hide in the hallways.

Its long empty corridors now serve as a place to store stone fragments from the King’s Chapel (Královská kaple), which were once displayed at the corner of Veselá and Dominikánské náměstí.

Denis bomb shelter. Credit: Michal R / ICT Brno.

  1. stone temple, Spilberk Castle

The Temple of Stone, the first publicly accessible water reservoir facility, is well worth a visit to see the impressive masonry of artists from the past. These two water tanks were made in 1870-1871 and 1900 to store water for the city and were used until the 1920s. The lapidarium is a collection of around 30 stone artifacts, which include carvings , sarcophagi, epitaphs, milestones, tombstones, etc., exhibited together in the same space.

Stone Temple. Credit: Michal R / ICT Brno.

https://brnodaily.com/2021/07/18/culture/what-lies-beneath-seven-unique-attractions-from-brnos-underground/https://brnodaily.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/Brno-Undeground-Denis-Nuclear-Cover-Credit-Michal-Ruzicka-TIC-BRNO-2-1024×683.jpghttps://brnodaily.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/Brno-Undeground-Denis-Nuclear-Cover-Credit-Michal-Ruzicka-TIC-BRNO-2-150×100.jpgShyam MakwanaArt & CultureComics MagazineArchitecture, Brno, things to do in BrnoBrno has many hidden secrets of history, including a host of fascinating architectural treasures under our feet. From the 13th century ossuary to the nuclear shelters, each underground attraction has its own history and architecture, reflecting Brno’s rich cultural heritage. Here we bring together some of…News and events in English in Brno

Bonny J. Streater